Workshops > Modeling and Computations of Shallow-Water Coastal Flows

Modeling and Computations of Shallow-Water Coastal Flows

Shallow Water Circulation Model

James M. Greenberg

Carnegie Mellon University


In this talk I'll discuss 2-Dimensional flows for the "shallow-water" equations. The model describes the motion of a finite volume of fluid taking place in container whose bottom is described by a paraboloidal like surface of the form:

z = (αx2 +βy2)/2, α>0, β>0

or more generally
z = a(x, y)
where a tends to infinity as (x2 + y2) tends to infinity. The model includes gravity, coriolis, and viscous forces.

I'll discuss a set of a-priori estimates and other key facts about the solution of the viscous shallow-water system. I'll also present an interesting exact Rotating-Pulsating solution to this system.

Such Rotating-Pulsating solutions are well known for inviscid shallow-water equations.

I'll also present a Lagrangian reformulation of the shallow-water system. This formulation holds in a fixed spatial domain which corresponds to the region in space which is ?wet? at time t = 0. It represents a somewhat more involved system of PDE's than the original Eulerian formulation but with this formulation we avoid having to explicitly track the unknown free-boundary where the height of the water column vanishes.

The Lagrangian model induces a natural computational model. I'll discuss briefly the parallel implementation of the computational model and present performance results and timing comparisons for the parallel implementation of the computational model; our speedups are impressive.

I'll conclude with two simulations which demonstrate that Lagrangian computational model produces steady-state or long-time solutions like the exact Rotating-Pulsating solutions discussed earlier. These results validate the effectiveness of the Lagrangian reformulation of the problem.